March 13

Prepositions– Connecting word showing the relationship between noun/pronoun and other words in the sentence.  They usually show ­­_______ or __________ and sometimes show __________

Some prepositions showing location or direction:

around:   She walked around the car.    at:     They are at home.

down:     They lived down the hall.             We were at the restaurant.

from:     We immigrated from Peru               He smiled at her.


Some prepositions showing time:

about:    about noon (approximately)    after: after the game
at:       at five o'clock                      after lunch
          at last (finally)                    after three


Commas and Prepositional phrases:

You need a comma if the prepositional phrase is at the ­_________of the sentence (i.e. the preposition is the very first word in the sentence). You do not add a comma if the prepositional phrase is at the __________ of the sentence.

Example: The dog chewed on the slippers under the rug. Why isn’t there a comma? __________________________________________________________________________

You only add a comma if the prepositional phrase is ___________ words and not followed by a verb.

Example: Under the table the dog slept. Comma?  Why or why not?


Under the dirty table the dog slept. Comma?  Why or why not?


Under the dirty table was a dog sleeping.  Comma?  Why or why not?



Conjunction: Links words, phrases, clauses, and sentences together

Common conjunctions are:_______, ________, _________


Commas and conjunctions:

You need a comma when listing a series of three _________________words

Example: I love to eat sushi, salad, pizza, and spaghetti.

You need a comma when combining two complete sentences

Example: I ate sushi yesterday, and I am going to eat pizza tomorrow.


Adverb: modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb

Adverbs usually answer the question of ___________, ___________, where, or how much.

Most adverbs end in –ly (quickly, quietly, slowly, menacingly)

Examples: How did it happen?  It happened quietly. It happened suddenly.

When did it happen? It happened yesterday.  It will happen soon.

Where did it happen?  It happened there.  It happened here.

How much?  I did not like the movie very much.  I liked the movie too much.


Adjectives: describe nouns or pronouns

Adjectives give information about the noun

Example: The gray elephant picked up the furry kitten with its gigantic trunk.


Verbs: show an action or indicate a state of being

Example of action verbs: run, swim, drive, skate, dance

Verbs that will always be linking verbs (state of being): to seem, to be, and to become

We can tell if a verb is a linking verb by replacing it with _______________ or to be verb

The verb usually (but not always) comes right after the subject of the sentence.

Example: The boy played with toy cars.  What is the subject?  What is the verb?


What do helping verbs do?


The pizza in the cafeteria tastes amazing today.  Where is the verb?  Is it an action verb or a linking verb?



Nouns: Show person, place, thing, or idea

Proper nouns are names, and they are capitalized.

Common nouns are not specific names and are not capitalized.

Write an example of a proper noun.


Write an example of a common noun.



Articles: They give us information about the noun

Another name for articles is determiners

Articles are: ______, _________, _________


Word Invasion:

Grammar Gorillas:


Grammar Intervention!

Preposition Video

Adverb Video 1

Adverb Video 2

Adjectives Song

Adjectives Video

Verb Video

Noun Song

Noun Video

Conjunction Video

Conjunction Song